Freight Glossary

Find definitions to over 300 freight industry words and acronyms.

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ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Area.


American Bureau of Shipping. US based classification society for merchant ships and marine systems.

Act of God

A natural event beyond human control which may result in the damage of property or loss of life, such as flooding, earthquake, lightning, etc.


Please refer Amendment.

Ad Valoren

Meaning ‘according to value’, it is the chargeable tax based on the value of goods or property.

Agency Fee

Sometimes referred to as an Attendance Fee, the Agency Fee represents freight related charges while the ship is at port.


Short for Freight Agent, it is a person, company or business that acts for or represents another with authority to direct the transport of goods and submit associated paperwork.

Aggregated Coal

Varieties of coal blended together.


American Institute of Merchant Shipping.


An amendment or addendum, is an additional requirement or modification made to a document (i.e. a Booking Confirmation), following publication or printing.


Operated by the United States Customs and Border Protection agency, the Automated Manifest System (AMS) is an electronic information transmission system which was implemented in 2004 for security purposes. All US imports require an AMS filing, which documents inventory and cargo information.


Arrival Notification Form abbreviation, advising consignees of goods that are due to arrive soon.


Association of Ships' Agents & Brokers.


Association of Shipping Lines.

ATA Carnet

International customs documentation granting temporary importation of goods without payment of otherwise applicable duties and taxes.


Approved Transitional Facilities - Containment areas or warehouses approved by New Zealand MPI to hold and manage imported goods that are considered a biosecurity risk or hazard, such as plant materials, used machinery, sea containers, etc.

Athens Convention

An international convention governing the carriage of passengers and their luggage by sea including liability.

Attendance Fee

Please refer Agency Fee.



Bunker Adjustment Factor. Floating sea freight charges accounting for oil price fluctuations.

See FAF for similar road transport fuel surcharge.

Bagged Cargo

Also called a breakbulk, bagged cargo refers to various commodities that are commonly packed in sacks or bags, such as grain, sugar, cement, etc.


A series of bars and spaced which represent data relating to an object, product or freight consignment.

Bareboat Charter

A hired or chartered vessel agreement which excludes running expenses (ie crew and provisions).


A flat-bottom boat commonly used to transport cargo and goods across rivers, canals or other protected waterways.


A measurement of petroleum output, B/D or BPD refers to the number of barrels produced per day (barrels per day).


Also referred to as breadth, the beam is the width of a vessel at its widest point.


Allotted wharf docking area for a vessel.

Bill Of Lading

The Bill of Lading is a legal document and receipt cataloguing goods for shipment and carriage contract terms.


Abbreviation for Bill Of Lading. Please refer Bill Of Lading.

B/L Ton

Also referred to as Freight Ton, B/L Ton is the greater measurement or weight of cargo where one tonne is either 1,000 kg or one cubic metre.


Also referred to as a Booking Request, a booking is a schedule order made in advance to transport goods and cargo.

Booking Confirmation

Document confirming freight is reserved for shipment at appointed place and date.


Also referred to as BOP, B/P is an acronym for balance of payments.


Please refer Beam.


Cargo that is not shipped in shipping containers.

Breakbulk Vessel

A general or multipurpose cargo ship which typically carries freight of various or non-uniform sizes.


The front end of a ship.


Cargo commodities transported in loose, unpacked or large quantities and stored in the hull of a vessel (or cargo hold), such as gravel, grain ore or oils.

Bulk Carrier

Also referred to as bulk freighter or bulker, a bulk carrier is a ship specifically designed to transport bulk commodity cargoes such as coal, cement, diesel, etc. Such goods are stored in the vessel’s cargo hold.


A wall within the hull of a ship used to partition compartments for functional, safety and structural purposes.

Bunker Surcharge

Please refer BAF.



Passengers or goods transported between two points by sea or air within the same country.


New Zealand slang for shipping containers.


When a vessel has turned on its side or is positioned upside-down (bottom up).


Goods and merchandise stowed on a ship, truck, train, aircraft or other vehicle for transport.

Cargo Bays

Facility or warehouse loading dock, where vehicles are loaded/unloaded.

Cargo Hold

The area within an aircraft or ship assigned to storing cargo.

Cargo Manifest

A transport document finalised at departure, listing all cargo (including quantities and descriptions), crew and passengers on board, for destination port authorities including customs.

Cargo Packing

The process of loading shipping containers and pallets with goods in preparation for transport and storage.

Cargo Plan

Vessel loading plan, based on commodity types, quantities, weights, scheduled unloading ports and other key considerations to ensure the ship is seaworthy, efficiently loaded, and ready for departure on time.

Cargo Preference

A portion of a nation’s imports and exports reserved to national-flag ships.

Cargo Ship

Also referred to as a freighter, a cargo ship is any vessel that primarily carries cargo.

Carriage of Goods Act of 1979

New Zealand legislation governing the transport of goods (responsibilities and liabilities) and covered under Champion Freight’s terms of service (section 19.2).


1. Carriers are transport companies that move cargo by land, sea or air.
2. Vessel types, ie bulk carrier.

Carrier's Certificate

A document specifying cargo particulars, issued by the carrier and presented to customs authorities.


The transport of goods by truck.


Abbreviation for Customs Electronic Delivery Order, a CEDO is a Customs export entry which must be completed, submitted and approved by Customs prior to cargo export and loading to vessel.

CEDO Chase

When a shipping line urgently requests CEDO documentation and Customs approval prior to cargo loading for export.


A slot aboard a cellular vessel used to secure containerised freight.

Cellular Vessel

Please refer Container Ship.

Certificate of Origin

Used in foreign trade, a certificate of origin documents the country in which goods were manufactured, produced, or processed amongst other important shipment details including destination, commodity, etc.


Cost and Freight - terms of sale quoting the cost of goods and delivery.


Container Freight Station. Also referred to as a container terminal or container yard, the CFS is the designated port location assigned to the storage, loading and unloading of containerised freight to and from vessels.


The leasing of a vessel and/or crew for a voyage.


The person or party who charters a ship.

Charter Party Agreement

Legal agreement specifying contact terms relating to the hiring of a charter vessel for a particular voyage or defined period of time.

Charter Rates

Trade tariffs applied for chartering tonnage.

Chemical Tanker

A transport ship specially designed to carry chemicals in bulk.


Cost, Insurance, Freight - terms of sale quoting the cost of goods, transport insurance and delivery.

Clean Ship

An oil tanker which has removed all traces of crude and heavy fuel oils from cargo areas which can remain following transportation and delivery.


Centimetres. 1cm = 0.39370078740157477in. Convert imperial & metric lengths.


Compagnie Maritime d’Affretement, Compagnie Generale Maritime (shipping line).

Coastal Service

Additionally referred to as coastwise, a coastal service is a domestic shipping route that follows a single coast.

Code of Liner Conduct

The regulation of shipping traffic in terms of shipment quantities between two foreign countries - 20% for owners of the country which is neither the origin nor the destination, 40% for owners of the country of destination and 40% for owners of the country of origin, as drafted under the auspices of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.


Carriage of Goods by Sea Act - United States legislation governing the rights and responsibilities between shippers and owners for all US sea freight imports and exports.


A ship used for the transportation of coal.

Commercial Invoice

Used in international trade, a commercial invoice is used for customs declaration purposes detailing the value of goods.


A commodity is a specification of products and goods, such as food, machinery, oil, etc.

Common Point

Intersection of multiple transit routes.


The consignee is a person or party who is considered to be the owner or purchaser of a consignment.


The consignor is the person or party sending a consignment.


The merging and optimisation of freight consignments into one shipment to improve efficiency and reduce costs.

Consular Invoice

Required by some foreign countries, the consular invoice is a document used in international trade to certify a shipment of goods and details relative cargo particulars including commodity, consignee, consignor, etc.


A container, or shipping container, is a steel rectangular box or collapsible platform typically measuring 10ft, 20ft and 40ft in length. They are used for storage and modular transportation by road, rail and sea.

Container Chase

When a shipping line urgently requests container numbers for shipments that are yet to be gated in for loading. Such information is used by the shipping line to finalise cargo manifests and loading placement/order.

Container Crane

Also known as a ship-to-shore crane, or container handling gantry crane, the container crane is a specially designed dockside gantry crane used to load and unload shipping containers to and from vessels.

Containerised Freight

Also referred to as containerised cargo, containerised freight are goods packed into standardised shipping containers measuring 20ft and 40ft in length, ready for shipment and transportation.

Container Service Charge

Containerised freight terminal handling and storage fee.

Container Ship

Additionally referred to as a cellular vessel, a container ship is a type of freighter or cargo ship designed to transport containerised freight.

Container Stuffing List (CSL)

List of goods and how they are stowed within a shipping container.

Container Terminal

Please refer CFS.

Container Yard

Please refer CFS.


The transport of freight from one location to another or the means by which cargo is transported (ie vehicle).


The physical delivery of inbound cargo for immediate outbound transport, with an aim to eliminate or minimise storage time and costs.

Cubic Capacity

Measured in cubic metres and feet, the cubic capacity is the cargo carrying capacity of a ship, or shipping container.

Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF)

A fee which accounts for fluctuations in international currency exchange rates.

Customs Broker

An individual or company who is licensed by the government to submit and clear goods or merchandise through customs.

Customs Clearance

The act of passing imported or exported goods through customs, subject to documentation and physical inspection approval (where applicable), permitting cargo to enter or leave the country.

Cut & Run

A cut and run can refer to the late arrival of a vessel at port, requiring the ship to depart prematurely without loading all reserved cargo and shipping containers in order to maintain sailing schedule. Original use of the term related to the hasty departure of a vessel requiring the ship’s anchor cable to be cut in order to make sail at once.


Container Weight Declaration. Subject to country, federal or state legislation, a CWD may be required in order to transport international sea freight containers by road or rail.


Dangerous Goods

Also referred to as hazardous material, dangerous goods are potentially harmful substances such as petroleum, acid, radioactive material, explosives, biohazardous medical waste, etc that pose a high or unreasonable risk to the health and safety of people, property, flora and fauna.


Deliver Duty Paid.


Deliver Duty Unpaid.


Horizontal ship platform.


The transport of goods to final destination.

Delivery Order

Abbreviated DO, the Delivery Order grants the consignee title of goods following payment for services received.


Also referred to as a detention charge, demurrage is a penalty fee relating to the late detention of a ship or freight transportation vehicle, during loading or unloading, beyond allowable specified timeframes (Free Time).


The location in which a journey or consignment is intended to end.

Detention Charge

Please refer Demurrage.


To unload or unpack goods from a shipping container.

Dimensional Weight

Additionally referred to as the DIM weight, volume weight, cubed weight and measurement weight, the dimensional weight is a method of calculating freight transportation fees with consideration to cargo height, width and length.

Door To Door

Cargo pickup and delivery to final specified address location.


Please refer Draught.


The vertical distances between the waterline and a ship or boat’s lowest point underwater.


Government tax or duty rebate applied to imported goods which are subsequently exported.

Dry Dock

A dock at port which can be flooded or drained of water to allow vessels to enter or exit, and rest on a dry platform for hull repairs and maintenance.

Dry Shipping Container

10ft, 20ft to 40ft shipping containers used to stow general cargo commodities (non-refrigerated).


An abbreviation for Destination Terminal Handling Charges.


Packing material used to protect and support cargo while in transit. Dunnage includes pallets, blocks, boards, planks, bracing, etc.


A tax or tariff imposed on imports by local customs authorities.



Electronic Data Interchange - used in the transfer of data between different computer networks and systems.


Official ban or restriction of trade or commercial activity to a country.


Estimated Time of Arrival.


Estimated Time of Departure.

Ex Works

Terms of trade which places greater responsibility on the buyer, allowing goods to be picked up (without loading) at the seller’s place of business, warehouse, depot, etc.

Export Duty

Tax imposed on exported goods.

Export Entry

Please see CEDO.


The shipment of goods to another country.



Fuel Adjustment Factor. A road transport surcharge accounting for fluctuations in fuel prices.

See BAF for similar sea freight oil surcharge.


Freight All Kinds or Freight Of All Kinds is a shipping classification term, which refers to a consolidated full container load shipment consisting of mixed goods.


Free Alongside Ship or Free Along Side. Transport quote which includes physical delivery of goods to port alongside a vessel.


Meaning Free Carrier, the FCA is a named place of cargo delivery which may be an airport, container freight station, terminal, etc.


Full Container Load. A shipping container carrying one consignment of goods, commonly filled or near space/weight capacity.


A port fendering system is designed to facilitate safe mooring of vessels, acting as a shock absorber to protect both the wharf and ship from damage during berthing.


An open platform trailer without sides for the transport of heavy or oversized cargo and containerised freight.

Flatrack Container

Shipping containers especially designed without sides or top, for the transport of oversized cargo which is too large to fit inside standard sea freight containers.


Free On Board. Terms of trade defining seller’s and buyer’s transport responsibilities (including costs and liabilities) to port and loading.

Foot (ft)

1ft = 0.3048m. Convert imperial & metric lengths.


Free On Rail. Charge exclusion for the transport and loading of goods to rail at a designated point.

Free Time

Specified timeframe allowing freight to be loaded or unloaded before demurrage and detention fees commence and accrue.

Free Trade

Government economic policy which reduces or eliminates import & export tariffs.


The transport of goods and merchandise by train, truck, plane and ship.

Freight Forwarder

Additionally referred to as a forwarder, forwarding agent or third party logistics provider (3PL), a freight forwarder is a business that specialises in the shipping and storage of goods on behalf of a shipper. Other common freight forwarding services include cargo tracking, containerised freight packing and devanning, insurance, customs clearances, etc. For more information please see what is a freight forwarder and why do I need one?


A cargo ship or plane designed to carry freight.


Full Truckload. FTL refers to road transport consignments that are either fully loaded or use a dedicated truck for delivery (irrespective of capacity).


Gantry Crane

Positioned on rails for parallel manoeuvring alongside vessels, a gantry crane is a large port crane commonly used to load and unload containerised freight from cargo ships.


The primary entry point (seaport or airport) to a country, territory or region.


General Order. A Customs mandate for imported goods and merchandise which remains uncleared.


General Purpose. A common type of shipping container designed to stow nonspecific goods and merchandise.


1g = 0.035274oz. Convert imperial & metric weights.


The consolidation of smaller freight consignments into one single shipment.


Goods and Services Tax (currently 15% throughout New Zealand).


Gross Vehicle Weight. The total weight of a vehicle and its load including trailers, cargo, fuel, driver, passengers, etc.



Specialised shipping container designed to stow clothing on hangers.


The transport of goods by road in a truck.


To transport freight by road in a truck.


House Airwaybill.

Hazardous Material

Please refer Dangerous Goods.


Abbreviation for Hazardous Material. Please refer Dangerous Goods.


An acronym for High Cube. Please see High Cube.

High Cube

A shipping container which exceeds 8 foot 6 inches or 2.6213 metres in height.

High Density Compression

Compression of a cotton bale to approximately 32 pounds (14.5 kgs) per cubic foot.


The merging of two or more consignments from different originating geographical locations under one shipment and bill of lading for joint delivery.


Also referred to as a cargo hold, it is the section within a ship or aircraft designed to stow cargo.

House Bill

Please refer Bill Of Lading.


Additionally referred to as a hostler or yard hustler, a hustler is a tractor which is used to move shipping containers within a CFS or port.



Importing Countries Phytosanitary Requirements.

Import Licence

Additionally referred to as an import permit, an import licence is a government document required in some countries authorising the importation of goods and merchandise.

Import Restrictions

Additionally referred to as import controls, import restrictions are any method employed by a country to limited the import of goods and merchandise such as quota, tariff, etc.

Importer Of Record

A term used in customs law, the importer of record (IOR) is an individual or entity who is responsible for the import of goods in accordance with all local laws.


The shipment of goods into a country from abroad.


An import delivery or shipment.

Inches (in)

1in = 2.54cm. Convert imperial & metric lengths.

Incoterms (INCO Terms)

Incoterms or International Commerce Terms are a standardisation of international trade terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce and accepted by legal authorises, governments, and agencies all over the world. They are primarily used for the authoritative and uniformed interpretation of common international trade terms to define costs and liabilities between parities.

Please see Incoterms Explained for more information.

Inland Carriers

A transport company that hauls freight inland from port.


Specified terms of compensation should goods be damaged, lost, destroyed or adversely delayed in transit.

Insurance Certificate

Official insurance document issued by an insurance company to the consignee, assuring freight is covered for loss and damage whilst in transit.

Integrated Carriers

A transport company which has hauling fleets across two or more modes of transportation, such as air and ground fleets.


The hauling of goods and merchandise by two or more different modes of transport.


A comprehensive stock list.


A bill summarising goods and services purchased and associated costs due.


Abbreviation for importer of record. Please see importer of record.


An abbreviation for Importer Security Filing, the ISF (or 10+2) is a United States Customs and Border Protection rule which requires containerised cargo information to be filed prior to goods being loaded onto the vessel.


The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code. Minimum security measures and responsibilities governing international trade ports and agencies to ensure security threats are identified and prevented.



Just-in-time. A method of inventory control designed to increase efficiency, decrease waste and warehousing costs, by receiving goods and merchandise JIT - as they are required.



Abbreviation for kilogram. 1,000 grams = 1kg, or 2.20462lbs. Convert imperial & metric weights.

King Pin

Also referred to as a kingbolt, a king pin is a vertical bot which securely connects the body of a vehicle (such as a tractor) to a trailer.


Kilometre. 1km = 0mi 1093.6yd.


Abbreviation for kilometres per hour. A unit of speed measuring the number of kilometres travelled per hour. 1 km/h = 0.621371 mph.


An abbreviation for knots. A measure of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour. 1 kn = 1.85 km/h.

Known Loss

Shipment loss discovered at the time of delivery.



Burdened, carried or loaded (usually heavily).


Refers to freight transported by road or rail.


To secure or fasten cargo with rope, cord or wire.


Please refer pounds. Convert imperial & metric weights.


Abbreviation for Letter of Credit. Please refer Letter of Credit.


Less Than Container Load. A containerised shipment of goods that is not large enough to fill a container. Such consignments are typically consolidated with other LCL shipments to optimise transport rates.


An acronym for Lyttelton Container Terminal (New Zealand).


Lower Deck Type 3 freight container, commonly used in passenger planes.

Letter Of Credit

An official bank document authorising freight payment (in credit) if specified terms and conditions are fulfilled.

Line Haul

The transport of cargo between two major long distance ports or cities.


A plane or ship owned and operated by an airline or shipping line.


1 litre = 0.2641724155846 gallons. Convert imperial & metric volume.


Length Overall. Total length of a ship's hull.


End to end transport management, from origin to final destination.


An abbreviation for Lift-On/Lift-Off, LOLO ships are equipped with onboard cranes designed to load and unload cargo (including shipping containers).

Lower Deck

The deck or compartment below the main deck, within the hull of the ship or vessel.


An acronym for the Lyttelton Port Company.


Long Ton. 1lt = 2,239.9999999978495lbs. Convert imperial & metric weights.


Less Than Truckload. LTL refers to road transport consignments that do not fill an entire trailer. These are typically grouped with other LTL consignments to optimise transport costs and efficiency.


Sawed timber prepared for use and market.



Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (New Zealand). MAF is now a part of the MPI.

Main Deck

Running the full length of a large ship, the main deck is the uppermost platform immediately above the hull.


Please refer Cargo Manifest.

Marine Cargo Insurance

Issued by an Insurance Company, Marine Cargo Insurance is a guarantee of compensation for goods should they be lost, damaged or adversely delayed while at sea, subject to specified criteria, terms and conditions.

Marks & Numbers

Numbers identifying a package or sea container.


Master Airway Bill.

Metres (m)

1m = 39.36in, or 3.28ft. Convert imperial & metric lengths.

Miles (mi)

1mi = 1.609344km. Convert imperial & metric lengths.

Mixed Shipment

A shipment of goods and merchandise consisting of two or more commodities and charged separate tariff rates.


Abbreviation for miles per hour. A unit of speed measuring the number of miles travelled per hour. 1 mph = 1.60934 km/h.


Ministry for Primary Industries (New Zealand).


Mediterranean Shipping Company (shipping line).


Metric Ton. 1mt = 1t, or 1,000 kgs.



In shipping, navigation is the act of planning or plotting of a vessel’s route including chart, tidal, current, weather, and draught considerations.


Not Otherwise Enumerated.


Not Otherwise Indexed By Name.


Not Otherwise Stated.

Notify Party

Appearing on the bill of lading or waybill, the notify party is the person or company who is to be notified when freight arrives at destination.


No Value Declared.


Ocean Freight

Refer sea freight.

On Board

Cargo loaded aboard a train, ship, vehicle, or aircraft.

On Deck Stowage

Cargo that is stowed on the deck of a ship.

On-Time Performance

Schedule adherence success rate.

Open Top Container

A shipping container with a removable top or canopy for overhead loading and unloading.

Order Cycle

The process and duration of an order, from placement to receipt of goods.


Additionally referred to as 'place of origin', the origin is a shipment’s commencement location (i.e. specific address, port, city or country).

Ounce (oz)

1oz = 28.3495g. Convert imperial & metric weights.

Out of Gauge (OOG)

Cargo that does not match standard dimensions.


An export of goods.


Hired third-party service provider.

Over Land

Cargo transported by road or rail.


Charges exceeding published and agreed rates.


1. Large cargo which exceeds standard dimensions and may require specialised equipment for transport, loading and unloading.

2. A laden road vehicle that exceeds regular maximum width, height or length limits which may require special government permits, licensing, signage (ie marked ‘oversize’) and escort pilot vehicle in order to transport.



Can refer to the loading of goods inside a shipping container.

Packing List

Itemised list of packages documenting commodity, quantity, weights and measurements.


A square portable wooden platform used in the transport and storage of goods, and easily maneuvered into position using a forklift.

Palletised Freight

Freight that has been loaded and packed onto pallets for transport.

Patent Slip

An inclined plane which allows sea vessels to be hauled from the water onto a wooden cradle to facilitate external dry hull access for repairs and maintenance.


Abbreviation for a Phytosanitary Certificate. Please refer Phytosanitary Certificate.

Phytosanitary Certificate

A government document used for the import of plant materials verifying the absents of pests and disease following heat treatment.


Additionally referred to as a wharf or quay, a pier is a platform which extends from land out over water and is commonly used for docking vessels or recreational activities such as handline fishing.


Pacific International Lines (shipping line).


Cargo theft.


An acronym with multiple possible definitions.

Port Of Discharge. The port where cargo is unloaded.

Proof Of Delivery. Document receipt of cargo received requiring signature authentication.

Place Of Delivery. The final destination for a consignment.


1. The side of a ship to the left of the bow.
2. A town or city where ships dock for loading and unloading.

Port To Port

Cargo delivery from port of origin to port of destination.

Pounds (lbs)

1lbs = 0.453592kgs. Convert imperial & metric weights.

Project Freight

The domestic and international transportation of freight that is heavy, large, out of gauge, high value or significant (in terms of importance to the project they are intended for). Project freight can present a number of logistical challenges that are often unique or specific to the transport item, requiring specialised equipment or machinery to move, load, government permits and licencing, etc.


A business or person who supplies food and beverages to ships.


Quality Control

Process and planning which aims to produce and sell manufactured goods of a high standard.


Please refer Pier.



Refers to freight transported by railway.


Receival and Delivery. Cargo received or delivered out of port.


A deduction or partial refund to a chargeable amount.


Please refer refrigerated container.

Refrigerated Container

Available in 20ft and 40ft length measurements, a refrigerated container (or reefer), is a cooled shipping container used in the transport of perishable or temperature sensitive goods such as meat, fish, milk, etc.

Roll-on, Roll-off (RORO)

Ships designed to load, stow and discharge cargo on wheels, such as vehicles.


When a shipment is delayed and moved to an alternative vessel for shipping.


The planned course from origin to destination a ship, vehicle, train or aircraft journeys.



A trade embargo or restriction imposed following political opposition between two or more countries.


A shipping schedule, or schedule, is a planned list or order of ships, their port of call, departure dates, etc.


Abbreviation for sea damage.

Sea Freight

The transportation of cargo by sea. Additionally referred to as ocean freight. See Sea Freight 101 for more information.


A consignment of goods shipped.


A person or company that transports freight by land, air or sea.

Shipping Agent

A person or company who prepares documents, insurance and other shipping related services.

Shipping Container

Rectangular in shape, a shipping container is a steel container commonly measuring 10ft, 20ft and 40ft in length. They are primarily designed for the modular transport and storage of goods.

Shipping Lines

Please refer carriers.

Shipping Mark

Freight identification symbols, letters or numbers.

Shipping Weight

The total gross weight of a shipment.


Shipper's Letter of Instruction. A form used by the shipper to authorise a carrier to issue shipping documents (i.e. bill of lading) on their behalf.


The side of a ship to the right of the bow.


The back end of a vessel.


To store goods or packages.


The act of loading freight into a shipping container.

Supply Chain

The end to end logistical management of products, from raw materials and manufacture to final consumer.


Additional fees and charges.



The Air Cargo Tariff.

Tare Weight

The weight of an empty shipping container.

Tax Invoice

Marked 'Tax Invoice' it is a receipt of payment which includes taxation values such as GST.


Abbreviation for Twenty-foot Equivalent Units, the TEU is an international measure of cargo capacity aboard a ship.

Third-party Logistics Provider

Sometimes abbreviated 3PL or TPL, a third-party logistics provider is an outsourced business providing freight services such as transport, warehousing, cargo packing, etc.


An abbreviation for Telegraphic Transfer.


Transit Time.

Turnaround Time

The duration of a ship at port, from arrival to departure.



Unit Load Device. A type of container or aircraft pallet.



The loading of cargo into a shipping container.


A person or company who supplies and sells goods.


An abbreviation for Verified Gross Mass, the VGM is the confirmed total weight of a container, including its cargo, bracing and dunnage.



The storage of goods within a warehouse facility.


Documenting shipment details and instructions, a waybill is a common freight document used in the transport of goods.


Please refer Pier.


Fees and charges relating to the use of port facilities including the loading, unloading and handling of cargo.



Dry. Containing little to no moisture.


Yard (yd)

1yd = 0.91440m. Convert imperial & metric lengths.


Year To Date.



Marked and divided into zones.