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Glossary Of Terms



Deliver Duty Paid.


Deliver Duty Unpaid.

Dangerous Goods

Also referred to as hazardous material, dangerous goods are potentially harmful substances such as petroleum, acid, radioactive material, explosives, biohazardous medical waste, etc that pose a high or unreasonable risk to the health and safety of people, property, flora and fauna.


Horizontal ship platform.


The transport of goods to final destination.

Delivery Order

Abbreviated DO, the Delivery Order grants the consignee title of goods following payment for services received.


To unload or unpack goods from a shipping container.


Also referred to as a detention charge, demurrage is a penalty fee relating to the late detention of a ship or freight transportation vehicle, during loading or unloading, beyond allowable specified timeframes (Free Time).


The name place in which a journey or consignment is intended to end.

Detention Charge

Please refer Demurrage.

Dimensional Weight

Additionally referred to as the DIM weight, volume weight, cubed weight and measurement weight, the dimensional weight is a method of calculating freight transportation fees with consideration to cargo height, width and length.

Door To Door

Cargo pickup and delivery to final specified address location.


Please refer Draught.


The vertical distances between the waterline and a ship or boat’s lowest point underwater.


Government tax or duty rebate applied to imported goods which are subsequently exported.

Dry Dock

A dock at port which can be flooded or drained of water to allow vessels to enter or exit, and rest on a dry platform for hull repairs and maintenance.

Dry Shipping Container

20’ to 40’ standard shipping container used to stow general cargo commodities.


A tax or tariff imposed on imports by local customs authorities.


Electronic Data Interchange - used in the transfer of data between different computer networks and systems.


Official ban or restriction of trade or commercial activity to a country.


Estimated Time of Arrival.


Estimated Time of Departure.

Ex Works

Terms of trade which places greater responsibility on the buyer, allowing goods to be picked up (without loading) at the seller’s place of business, warehouse, depot, etc.


The shipment of goods to another country.

Export Duty

Tax imposed on exported goods.


Freight All Kinds or Freight Of All Kinds is a shipping classification term, which refers to a consolidated full container load shipment consisting of mixed goods.


Free Alongside Ship or Free Along Side. Transport quote which includes physical delivery of goods to port alongside a vessel.


Meaning Free Carrier, the FCA is a named place of cargo delivery which may be an airport, container freight station, terminal, etc.


Full Container Load. A shipping container carrying one consignment of goods, commonly filled or near space or weight capacity.


A port fendering system is designed to facilitate safe mooring of vessels, acting as a shock absorber to protect both the wharf and ship from damage during berthing.


Federal Maritime Commission.

Flatrack Container

Shipping containers especially designed without sides or top for the transport of oversized cargo which are too large to fit inside standard sea freight containers.


An open platform trailer without sides for the transport of heavy or oversized cargo and containerised freight.

Foot (ft)

1ft = 0.3048m.

Free Time

Specified timeframe allowing freight to be loaded or unloaded before demurrage and detention fees commence and accrue.

Free Trade

Government economic policy which reduces or eliminates import & export tariffs.


The transport of goods and merchandise by train, truck, plane and ship.

Freight Forwarder

Additionally referred to as a forwarder, forwarding agent or third party logistics provider (3PL), a freight forwarder is a business that specialises in the shipping and storage of goods on behalf of a shipper. Other common freight forwarding services include cargo tracking, containerised freight packing and devanning, insurance, customs clearances, etc. For more information please see what is a freight forwarder and why do I need one?


A cargo ship or plane designed to carry freight.


Free On Board. Terms of trade defining seller’s and buyer’s transport responsibilities (including costs and liabilities) to port and loading.


Free On Rail. Charge exclusion for the transport and loading of goods to rail at a designated point.

Gantry Crane

Positioned on rails for parallel manoeuvring alongside vessels, a gantry crane is a large port crane commonly used to load and unload containerised freight from cargo ships.


The primary entry point (seaport or airport) to a country, territory or region.


General Order. A Customs mandate for imported goods and merchandise which remains uncleared.


General Purpose. A common type of shipping container designed to stow nonspecific goods and merchandise.


1g = 0.035274oz.


The consolidation of smaller freight consignments into one single shipment.


Goods and Services Tax (currently 15% throughout New Zealand).


Gross Vehicle Weight. The total weight of a vehicle and its load including trailers, cargo, fuel, driver, passengers, etc.
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D-G Shipping Terms

D-G Shipping Terms

From 'DDP' to 'GVW', explore Champion Freight's D to G of shipping and freight terms. Please contact us if you require further information and assistance.
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